The occupation looks different in Areas A, B, and C. This is what it looks like in Area G, Gaza, where Israel: Back

Prevents the (re)building of an airport or seaport in Gaza

forcing its residents to travel by land, through crossings that lead to either Egypt or Israel.


Determines which development projects are implemented in Gaza

through the Gaza Reconstruction Mechanism (GRM). No construction project can be implemented in Gaza without Israel’s approval of the design, location, and quantity of construction materials needed. Israel also controls which materials are approved for use and when they are allowed to enter the Strip.


Maintains a monopoly on supply of cement to Gaza

Like in Israel, almost all cement purchased in the Gaza Strip is made by the Israeli cement monopoly Nesher. In this manner, Israel perpetuates the dependence of Gaza’s construction market on the decisions made by the supervisor of Israel’s Antitrust Authority, and on the operation and regulation of its construction market in general. Gaza’s dependency on these supplies, particularly following three major military operations, and Israel’s control of the crossings perpetuate this situation.


Forces residents to provide information in order to receive construction materials

After Operation Protective Edge in 2014, Israel and the Palestinian Authority established the Gaza Reconstruction Mechanism, under UN supervision. To receive construction materials to rebuild their homes, Gaza residents are required to provide personal information, specify the location of the building, provide building plans and provide a list noting exact quantities requested. Based on this information, Israel considers whether to approve the supply of construction materials and determines the quantities to be supplied.


Inhibits the construction and operation of water desalination facilities

The dangerous shortage of potable water in Gaza could potentially be resolved if enough desalination plants are built. However, even if such plants are built, they will not be able to operate without electricity. Israel impedes the reconstruction and development of electricity infrastructure as it has classified necessary parts and equipment as “dual-use” and severely restricts their entry into Gaza. In fifty years of control over Gaza, Israel has not facilitated the construction of infrastructure in a manner that would keep pace with population growth, and it has been selling Gaza the same amount of electricity for years. The inability of local authorities to collect payment from customers due to the dire state of Gaza’s economy and the internal Palestinian rift also contribute to the general shortage of electricity. The result is that power is delivered on a rotating basis to different areas, with each area supplied for eight hours, at best, followed by an eight-hour blackout. All daily activities are planned around the few hours in which electricity is supplied, and there certainly isn’t enough to supply a major water desalination facility working around the clock.


Holds joint responsibility for the fact that tap water in Gaza is unsafe for human consumption

Ninety-six percent of Gaza’s tap water is not potable, due to contamination and excessive salinity. Consuming this water can cause a variety of diseases, particularly among children. Seventy percent of the materials and equipment required for repair and maintenance of the water and sewage system are considered “dual-use” items by Israel, and therefore, many water infrastructure reconstruction projects do not materialize.