Physical space

Physical space

The occupation looks different in Areas A, B, and C. This is what it looks like in Area G, Gaza, where Israel: Back

Prevents access to a “buffer zone” inside the Gaza Strip

Israel has declared a strip of land 300-meters-deep into Gaza off-limits to Palestinians. Much of Gaza’s fertile agricultural land is located in this area. The width of this buffer zone changes occasionally, and the Israeli military enforces the prohibition on access to the area with live fire. Since 2010, on the other hand, the army has entered the area around once a week on average.


Controls Gaza’s airspace

The hum of Israeli drones flying over Gaza is heard constantly. Israel blocks Gaza’s airspace (as well as the West Bank’s) and has sole control over it.


Restricts the fishing zone

Israel imposes a slew of restrictions that cause serious harm to Gaza’s fishing industry. Primarily, it restricts fishing to a very small area off the Gaza coastline which currently stands at six nautical miles offshore (the distance changes according to Israeli interests; the Oslo Accords provided for 20 nautical miles off the coast). Israel regularly enforces the restriction by opening fire at fishermen and confiscating their boats.


Prevents repairs to fishing boats

Israel created a list of items it defines as “dual-use”, or in other words, items that it acknowledges as inherently civilian, but which it claims can also be used for military purposes. Israel either prevents these items from entering Gaza, or scarcely grants permits allowing their entrance, involving a long and non-transparent process. The lists posted to the GRM website already include thousands of items, meaning Israel has strayed far from international standards. The lists include substances like liquid fiberglass, sealant and wood planks, and materials necessary for repairing fishing boats. Unable to repair their boats, fishermen have lost their source of livelihood.