The occupation looks different in Areas A, B, and C. This is what it looks like in Area G, Gaza, where Israel: Back

Determines who will be able to hear

Around the world, very young children with hearing impairments are fitted with electronic hearing aids that enable them to hear and improve their quality of life. Israel restricts the entry to Gaza of the spare parts and batteries needed for these devices. Additionally, once a child undergoes surgery to have the device implanted, she needs special language training and speech therapy. Currently, there are not enough experts in Gaza who can guide children through this process. Israel does not allow staff members of civil society organizations to travel abroad or to the West Bank to receive necessary training in speech therapy. Given that the window of opportunity for a successful implant surgery and concomitant speech therapy is limited, Israel’s conduct often results in children losing their hearing entirely.


Doesn’t allow in dental fillings to be used by dentists

In February 2017, the authorities at Kerem Shalom Crossing confiscated a shipment of material used by dentists to fill dental cavities, because Israeli authorities claimed they were “dual-use.” Over the years, this material has been allowed into Gaza continuously without incident. In addition to confiscating the filling material itself, the crossing authorities seized the entire content of the truck it was loaded on, including refrigerators and laundry machines coordinated for transport into Gaza by another merchant.


Impacts the existence of diagnostic medical tests and treatments inside the Strip

Israel’s list of items it considers to be “dual-use” includes a slew of medical substances and equipment, such as medical imaging equipment and batteries for UPS devices, which are required to keep emergency unit equipment running constantly. In one instance, a hospital in Gaza waited for six months for approval to bring in a fluoroscope, which enables real-time viewing of x-ray images. In addition, medical testing equipment occasionally requires calibration by the manufacturer or by specialized companies, but Israel delays or denies their transport out of Gaza, and denies experts entry into Gaza, thus leaving many devices in Gaza inoperative.


Determines whether one can access life-saving medical treatment

Gaza’s impoverished health care system cannot provide treatment for all illnesses and conditions. Patients must receive an exit permit from Israel in order to receive appropriate medical care available only in the West Bank, Jordan, or Israel. The process for obtaining these permits is long and convoluted. Recently, Israel has been refusing an increasing number of applications made by medical patients due to “security blocks.”


Decides what medical treatment residents may receive outside Gaza

Gaza residents aren’t free to seek the best medical treatment they can afford. Rather, they can only ask to exit Gaza for treatments that are not available there.