Facts Behind MFA Report on “Easing” of Gaza Closure

July 2010

In advance of the meeting of the Ad-hoc Liaison Committee (AHLC) for assistance to the Palestinians, that took place on 21 September, 2010, the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) released a report detailing steps taken to improve Gaza’s economy pursuant to a June 20, 2010 Israeli Cabinet decision to "ease" the closure. Gisha analyzes what is true and what would be more true about the MFA report.

True: "Traffic has increased significantly. The number of trucks coordinated with the PA normally reaches the current maximum capacity of 250 trucks a day".
More True: While the volume of trucks has increased, it was still at just 38% of demand in the last month, due to Israel’s refusal to re-open crossings it has closed since 2007.

True: "Real GDP growth in the first half of 2010 (compared to the first half of 2009) is estimated by the IMF at 9 percent for the West Bank and 16 percent for Gaza".
More true: The IMF report points out that growth is reflected in part because the first half of 2009, which included the military operation "Cast Lead" and its aftermath, represents a very low base or point of comparison. GDP per capita for Gaza is still 40% less than it was in 1994 and has yet to recover to 2007 levels, due to an apparently ongoing Israeli policy of "economic warfare", including a ban on exports. The IMF has noted that true and sustainable economic recovery requires lifting the ban on exports and removing remaining restrictions on entrance of raw materials.

True: "Growth in the field of construction reached more than 20% in the first quarter of 2010 (in comparison to the parallel quarter in 2009)".
More true: The parallel quarter in 2009 included the military operation "Cast Lead", in which buildings were still being actively destroyed by the Israeli military. Due to onerous approval requirements and limited capacity of the crossings, just 132 truckloads of cement and gravel have entered Gaza since the "easing", even though tens of thousands are needed. The UN notes, at this rate, it would take approximately 75 years to bring in the materials needed for UNRWA’s reconstruction plan.

True: "A number of projects have already been fully implemented or are currently underway. These projects include… Delivery of containers to serve as classrooms,a UN project".
More True: Children in UNRWA schools attend classes in the aforementioned shipping containers, because despite the "easing", Israel has yet to approve entry of a single truckload of construction materials for the 100 new schools UNRWA has requested to build.

True: "In July … a total of 2,457 exit permits were granted [to leave the Gaza Strip]".
More true: This is less than 1% of the number of exits in Sept. 2000, before Israel imposed tight restrictions. Israel has announced that "[the easing] does nothing to expand the criteria [for travel]".