Protective Edge: One year later – too little has changed
A year after Operation Protective Edge was launched, data collected by Gisha shows an alarming gap between the rhetoric about mobilizing for Gaza’s reconstruction and the harsh reality on the ground
July 6, 2015: A year has passed since the first shot of Operation Protective Edge was fired, and the Gaza Strip remains in ruins, light years away from the reconstruction many had hoped for. Despite the growing recognition amongst the Israeli security establishment that Gaza’s rehabilitation is a precondition to regional stability and security, Israel continues to impose sweeping, arbitrary restrictions on travel and on movement of commercial goods. Today, access remains the exception, rather than the rule.
Gaza’s unemployment rate remains higher than 40%, and almost 60% among young people; no significant rebuilding is taking place and civilian infrastructure has not even been restored to its state prior to the operation. Poverty and aid dependence are rampant. The damage left behind by the fighting was massive: more than 17,000 housing units were completely destroyed or are no longer habitable; tens of thousands of residential buildings were badly damaged, and scores of schools, hospitals, factories and public buildings were also hit.
Soon after the end of the operation, senior Israeli officials shifted their rhetoric about Gaza’s residents and their needs. Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu (Hebrew), former Chief of Staff Benny Gantz, current Chief of Staff Gadi Eizenkot (Hebrew), and the Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories (COGAT), Major General Yoav Mordechai (Hebrew) are amongst those who have recognized that Gaza’s reconstruction is in Israel’s interest, and made public statements stressing that giving Gaza residents a financial horizon would contribute to regional stability and may prevent another conflict in the near future.
COGAT announced a series of steps allegedly reflecting this new approach:
- For the first time since the closure was tightened in 2007, permits were issued for the sale of various Gaza made and produced goods in the West Bank, on certain days. These goods include agricultural produce, seafood, wood and textiles. In March of this year, a quota of tomatoes and eggplant from Gaza was cleared for sale in Israel, to serve observing Jews who practice the custom of “shmita” this year. Yet, the volume of goods shipped out of Gaza now is only 8% of what it was before the closure. Recently, we published a study analyzing remaining restrictions and pointing to a way forward.
- The general ban on travel through Erez Crossing, between Gaza and Israel, remains in place, but more exceptions have been introduced. Most notably, the quota for merchant permits has increased, making this particular group of people the largest to cross Erez. Other than that, permits are issued primarily to medical patients and their companions. Travel through Erez currently stands at 3% of what it was in September 2000.
- The Gaza Reconstruction Mechanism has allowed some construction materials into the Gaza Strip, to repair buildings that were damaged during the operation. In late June, it was announced that this mechanism would begin to process requests for private sector purchase of construction materials for larger projects, yet until now, not a single home has been rebuilt. International aid organizations and the Palestinian Water Authority have brought in substantial amounts of materials, but more than half of the nearly 1.2 million tons of construction materials brought in with the aid of the mechanism were destined for road infrastructure projects funded by the Qatari government. What has entered as of now meets only 5% of the need.
Since the fighting ended, Israel’s defense minister has restricted civilian movement into and out of Gaza in response to rocket fire by militants on four occasions illegally punishing civilians for acts for which they are not responsible and over which they have no control.
Israel has a legal and moral obligation to help Gaza residents recover and lead normal lives, which now seem entirely out of reach. Top officials say it is in Israel’s own interest to do so. What better time than now?