In 2007, in proceedings before the Supreme Court (HCJ 9132/07 Al-Bassiouni v. Prime Minister), the state claimed that, despite the disengagement from Gaza, it had an obligation to avoid any action that would cause a humanitarian crisis in Gaza. The attorney general at the time went as far as prohibiting a plan to cut off electricity supply to the Gaza Strip as doing so would contravene Israel’s humanitarian obligations to Gaza. The Supreme Court held that Israel must not cut off electricity supply to the Gaza Strip as a result of “…the relationship that was created between Israel and the Gaza Strip after the years of Israeli military rule in the territory, as a result of which the Gaza Strip is currently almost completely dependent upon the supply of electricity from Israel.”
Israel has controlled most of Gaza’s electricity supply since 1967. Under the Oslo Accords, Israel undertook to sell Gaza 120 mega watts of electricity. The development of alternative power sources for Gaza has been delayed as a result of the bombing of its power station in 2006 as well as delays in granting permission to transport the equipment necessary for repairing the damage.
It is also important to note that Gaza has been suffering from severe electricity and fuel shortages for almost four months and residents have been subjected to 12 hours of blackouts per day. Israel sells Gaza 35% of its demand for electricity. Cutting off electricity supply means harming Gaza’s hospitals, sewage system, agriculture, industry and residents themselves. Officials in Gaza hospitals told Gisha today that hospitals run generators only in emergencies due to the fuel shortage. In March, in the midst of the fuel and electricity shortage, the World Health Organization noted that since the beginning of the year, three times as many medical supplies have become non-usable in Gaza and that the average waiting time for elective orthopedic surgery at Shifa hospital has gone from three to six months.
This is what Gilad Erdan’s proposal means – risking the health, even the lives, of Gaza residents. This proposal is not just at odds with the state’s position and international law, it cannot and must not be the alternative solution for Israel’s electricity problems.